Waterloo Bridge, Sunlight Effect
Waterloo Bridge, Sunlight Effect, ca. 1900 (dated 1903)
Oil on canvas
29 1/16 × 38 5/8 in. (73.82 × 98.11 cm)
Bequest of Mrs. Albert T. Friedmann M1950.3
Photo credit: John R. Glembin
Claude Monet, regarded as the leader of the Impressionist movement, was the most original and influential painter of the nineteenth century. He produced a variety of landscapes and outdoor scenes that explore the transitory effects of light and clear color under varying atmospheric conditions. This magnificent painting belongs to Monet's later career, when he focused increasingly on a series of canvases devoted to a single motif. These so-called serial paintings-The Grainstacks, Rouen Cathedral, Views of the Thames, among others-allowed Monet to study the ways in which light, air, and weather transform visual appearance. Monet himself commented in 1895: "The motif is significant for me: what I want to reproduce is what lies between the motif and me."
Sawinski, Catherine. Questions of Provenance--An Introduction. Milwaukee Art Museum: Under the Wings, May 26, 2015. http://blog.mam.org/2015/05/26/questions-of-provenance-an-introduction/.
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Kelly, Chelsea Emelie. People's Choice: Your Top 25 Works of Art in the Collection. Milwaukee Art Museum: Under the Wings, April 5, 2013. http://blog.mam.org/2013/04/05/peoples-choice-your-top-25-works-of-art-in-the-collection/.
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Andera, Margaret, Nonie Gadsden, Britt Salvesen, and Laurie Winters. Collection Guide: Milwaukee Art Museum. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 2004, pp. 23 and 68–69, cat. 30, color illus. p. 23.
Zietkiewicz, Iwona. Paris Lesson: Impressionism and Post Impressionism from the Collection of the Milwaukee Art Museum in the National Museum in Gdansk. Gdansk, Poland: National Museum in Gdansk, 2004, pp.12–13, 52, color repro. front matter and pp. 13 and 52, color detail cover.
Milwaukee Art Museum. Building a Masterpiece: Milwaukee Art Museum. New York: Hudson Hill Press, 2001, p. 93, color illus. p. 93, color details pp. 80 and 81.
Tucker, Paul Hayes, George T. M. Shackelford, and Mary Anne Stevens. Monet in the 20th Century: An Introduction. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1999, pp. 36–37, color illus. p. 36 and detail p. 37.
BBC Homes and Antiques Magazine. (April 1999): postcard to publize Royal Academy of Arts exhibition.
Tucker, Paul Hayes, George T. M. Shackelford, and Mary Anne Stevens. Monet in the 20th Century. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1998, cat. 20, color pl. 20, color detail previous page.
Wildenstein, Daniel. Monet. Volume III. Cologne: Taschen, 1996, p. 682, cat. 1567, color illus.
Alphant, Marianne. Claude Monet: une vie dans le paysage. Paris: Hazan, 1993, p. 606.
Monet. Beaux Arts Magazine, Hors Serie (September 1990): 24, color illus.
Seiberling, Grace. Monet in London. Atlanta: High Museum of Art, and Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988, p.15, cat. 12, color fig. 10.
Goldstein, Rosalie, ed. Guide to the Permanent Collection. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 1986, p. 96, color illus. p. 96.
House, John and Virginia Spate. Claude Monet, Painter of Light. Auckland: Auckland City Art Gallery, 1985, p.100, cat. 30, color illus.
Preston, Harley. London and the Thames: Paintings of Three Centuries. London: National Maritime Museum, 1977, cat. 93, b/w illus. (as Londres Waterloo Bridge, Effet de Soleil)
Wildenstein, Daniel. Claude Monet: Biographie et Catalogue Raisonné. Vol. 4. Lausanne: Bibliothèque des arts, 1974, p. 174, cat. 1567, b/w illus. p. 175
Flint Institute of Arts. Masterpieces in the Midwest. Flint, Michigan: The Flint Institute of Arts, 1961, no. 24, illus.
Milwaukee Art Institute. Early 20th Century European Paintings. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Institute, 1957, p. 2, b/w illus.
Milwaukee Journal, October 27, 1940.
Venturi, L. Archives... 1939, t. I. p. 393-94.
Milwaukee Journal (January 8, 1928).
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Kahn, G. L'exposition Cl. Monet, Gazette des Beaux-Arts (July 1904): 86.
Notes d'art, La Tamise par M. Cl. Monet, La Liberté (May 18, 1904).
Paul Cassirer. Monet: Vues de la Tamise [exhibition catalogue]. Berlin: Paul Cassirer, 1904, no. 2.
Durand-Ruel. Monet: Vues de la Tamise [exhibition catalogue]. Paris: Durand-Ruel, 1904, no. 25.
Monet's letters, no. 1723 and 1724 and documents no. 169, 170, 309, 310, 331, and 332.
Looking at Monet: The Great Impressionist and His Influence on Austrian Art, Belvedere Palace and Museum, Vienna, October 23, 2014–Februay 8, 2015.
Impressionism: Masterworks on Paper, Milwaukee Art Museum, October 14, 2011–January 8, 2012; Albertina, Vienna, February 10–May 13, 2012.
Paris Lesson: Impressionism and Post Impressionism from the Collection of the Milwaukee Art Museum in the National Museum in Gdansk, National Museum in Gdansk, Poland, August 9–October 3, 2004.
Monet in the 20th Century, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, September 20–December 20, 1998; Royal Academy of Arts, London, January 23–April 18, 1999.
Monet in London. High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia, October 2–December 31, 1988.
Claude Monet: Painter of Light, Auckland City Art Gallery, Auckland, New Zealand, April 29–June 9, 1985; Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, June 21–August 4, 1985; National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia, August 14–September 29, 1985.
London and the Thames: Paintings of Three Centuries, organized by the National Maritime Museum, London, for the London Celebrations Committee for the Queen’s Silver Jubilee and shown at Somerset House, London, July 6–October 9, 1977.
Mary Cassatt Exhibition, Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, April 9–June 1, 1969.
Masterpieces in the Midwest, Flint Institute of Arts, Flint, Michigan, May 4–June 4, 1961.
Early 20th Century European Paintings, Milwaukee Art Institute, Summer 1957.
Gimbel Brothers Store Windows, Milwaukee, June 28–July 6, 1957.
Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, 1956.
French Impressionist Exhibition, Milwaukee Art Institute, January 1928.
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1927.
Tableaux Durand-Ruel, Brooks Reed Gallery, Boston, March 1923.
Union League Club, New York, 1922.
Monet: Vues de la Tamise, Paul Cassirer, Berlin, 1904.
Monet: Vues de la Tamise, Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1904.
This information is subject to change as the result of ongoing research.