Hark! The Lark
Hark! The Lark, 1882
Oil on canvas
36 3/8 × 31 3/8 in. (92.39 × 79.69 cm)
Layton Art Collection, Inc., Gift of Frederick Layton L99
Photo credit: John R. Glembin
Winslow Homer considered this the most significant painting to emerge from his extended stay in the English sea village of Cullercoats. Already well established for his paintings of children playing, rural farm life, and idyllic seascapes, Homer sought new artistic inspiration among the fisherwomen of this region. Although the title indicates that the women have paused to hear a bird, their postures and expressions suggest a wary optimism as they look out to sea. Sculptural and robust, the figures resonate with the courage and stoicism that marked a new phase in the artist's career: after returning from England, Homer settled permanently in Maine and made the sea and its residents his primary subjects.
Winslow Homer, Fisher Girls, Carnegie Museum of Art. Accessed February 14, 2017. http://collection.cmoa.org/CollectionDetail.aspx?item=1000115&retPrompt=Back+to+Results&retUrl=CollectionSearch.aspx%3fsrch%3dwinslow%2bhomer.
Sawinski, Catherine. Mr. Layton's Gallery—The Salon-Style Hang. Milwaukee Art Museum: Under the Wings, April 12, 2013. http://blog.mam.org/2013/04/12/mr-laytons-gallery-the-salon-style-hang/.
Burns, Sarah. Hark! The Lark. In Layton’s Legacy: A Historic American Art Collection 1888–2013, edited by John C. Eastberg and Eric Vogel. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Layton Art Collection, Inc., 2013, pp. 161 and 470.
Eastberg, John C. and Eric Vogel. Layton’s Legacy: A Historic American Art Collection 1888–2013. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Layton Art Collection, Inc., 2013, pp. 12, 128, 318, and 457, color pl. 8, p. 160, color detail pp. 161 and 162–63.
Goodin, Alexis. A Voice from the Cliffs by Winslow Homer. In Winslow Homer: The Clark Collection, edited by Marc Simpson. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013, pp. 164–65.
Goodrich, Lloyd, and Abigail Booth Gerdts. Record of Works by Winslow Homer. Vol 4. New York: Spanierman Gallery, 2012, pp. 103–105, cat. 1101, color illus. p. 104.
Tatham, David. Winslow Homer in London: A New York Artist Abroad. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2010, pp. 62–63 and 83–84, color pl. 9.
Tedeschi, Martha and Kristi Dahm. Watercolors by Winslow Homer: The Color of Light. New Haven and London; Yale University Press, 2008, p. 31, color pl. 18.
Davidson, Susan. Art in America: 300 Years of Innovation. London: Merrell, 2007, p. 30, color fig. 12.
Davidson, Susan, ed., Art in the USA: 300 Anos de Innovacion. New York and Bilbao, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and FMGB Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa, 2007, p. 36, fig. 12.
Andera, Margaret, Nonie Gadsden, Britt Salvesen, and Laurie Winters. Collection Guide: Milwaukee Art Museum. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 2004, pp. 34 and 70, cat. 52, color illus. p. 34.
Harrison, Tony. Winslow Homer in England. Ocean Park, Maine: Hornby Editions, 2004, color illus. pp. 7 and 124.
Newton, Laura and Abigail Booth Gerdts. Cullercoats: A North-East Colony of Artists. Bristol, England: Sansom & Co., 2003, p. 99.
Burns, Sarah. Winslow Homer and the Natural Woman. In American Victorians and Virgin Nature. Boston: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, 2002, p. 17, b/w fig. 28.
Murphy, Kevin M. Painting for Money: Winslow Homer as Entrepreneur. Winterthur Portfolio 37, n. 2/3 (Summer/Autumn 2002): 153.
Milwaukee Art Museum. Building a Masterpiece: Milwaukee Art Museum. New York: Hudson Hill Press, 2001, p. 111, color illus p. 111.
Cikovsky, Nicolai and Franklin Kelly. Winslow Homer. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art and New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996, p. 182, b/w illus. fig. 146.
McConkey, Kenneth. Winslow Homer at Cullercoats. In Northumbrian Panorama: Studies in the History of North East England, edited by T. E. Faulkner. London: Octavian Press, 1996, pp. 232–233, color pl. VII.
Instituto Geografico. Winslow Homer: Collezione D’Arte. 1992, color illus. p. 17/13.
Winslow Homer: An Annual 7 (1992): b/w illus. no. 2.
Jennings, Kate F. Winslow Homer. New York: Crescent Books, 1990, illus. p. 52 and cover.
Mundy, James, and Russell Bowman. 1888: Frederick Layton and His World. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 1988, pp. 60–61, cat. 12, color illus. p. 61.
Cooper, Helen A. Winslow Homer Watercolors. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986, pp. 115 and 122, cat. 109, color fig. 109, p. 114.
Goldstein, Rosalie, ed. Guide to the Permanent Collection. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 1986, p. 110, color illus. p. 110.
Harrison, Tony. Winslow Homer in Cullercoats. Published on the occasion of the exhibition. Port Seton: Station Press, 1983, b/w illus. p. 117, fig. E142.
Hendricks, Gordon. The Life and Works of Winslow Homer. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1979, pp. 159 and 164, color illus. fig. 253, p. 158.
Gerdts, William H. Winslow Homer at Cullercoats. Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin 35 (Spring 1977): 33 and 34–35.
Wilmerding, John. Winslow Homer's English Period. American Art Journal 7, no. 2 (Nov. 1975): 67–68, b/w illus. p. 68.
Wilmerding, John. Winslow Homer. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1972, p. 133, color illus. p. 146.
Milwaukee Journal Sunday Magazine, December 27, 1970, color illus. p. 8.
Novak, Barbara. American Painting of the Nineteenth Century; Realism, Idealism, and the American Experience. New York: Praeger, 1969, p. 183, discussed p. 184.
Goodrich, Lloyd. The Graphic Work of Winslow Homer. New York: The Museum of Graphic Art, 1968, p. 16 and 18.
Beam, Philip C. Winslow Homer at Prout’s Neck. Boston: Little, Brown, 1966, pp. 56 and 212.
Flexner, James Thomas. The World of Winslow Homer, 1836–1910. New York: Time, Inc, 1966, pp. 101–102, illus. p. 103.
University of Arizona. Yankee Painter: A Retrospective Exhibition of Oils, Water Colors and Graphics by Winslow Homer. Tuscon: University of Arizona Art Gallery, 1963, cat. 82, illus. p. 103.
Gould, Jean. Winslow Homer, A Portrait. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1962, pp. 196–97.
Carnegie Institute. Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings from Previous Internationals, 1896–1955. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Institute, 1958, cat. 23, b/w illus.
Des Moines Art Center. 10th Anniversary Exhibition: Current Painting Styles and Their Sources. Des Moines, Iowa: Des Moines Art Center, 1958, b/w illus.
Goodrich, Lloyd, and John W. Beatty. Winslow Homer. New York: Published for the Whitney Museum of American Art by the Macmillan Co, 1944, pp. 80–81.
Winslow Homer—Painter, 1836–1910. The Index of Twentieth Century Artists 1, no. 2 (November 1933): 2.
Downes, William Howe. The Life and Works of Winslow Homer. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 1911, pp. 148–49, 151–52, and 285. (some incorrect information given)
Metropolitan Museum of Art. Winslow Homer Memorial Exhibition. New York: The Gillis Press, 1911, p. 11. (listed as in a public collection but not included in exhibition)
Townsend, James B. Carnegie Art Exhibit. American Art News 6, no. 30 (May 9, 1908): 4.
Pittsburg. American Art News 6, no. 30 (March 28, 1908): 4.
Carnegie Institute. Catalogue of the Twelfth Annual Exhibition at the Carnegie Institute. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Institute, 1908, cat. 138.
O’Brien Gallery Papers. Letter from Winslow Homer to O’Brien and Son, March 20, 1902. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
Art Notes. The Art Interchange 24, no. 8 (April 12, 1890): 117.
Hark, The Lark! A Description of the Latest Picture Hung in the Layton Art Gallery. Probably Milwaukee Journal, March 8, 1890.
Notes on Current Art. Chicago Daily Tribune, March 2, 1890, p. 11.
Montezuma. My Note Book. The Art Amateur 22, no. 4 (March 1890): 72.
American Painters at the Union League and in Other Galleries. New York Commercial Advertiser, February 15, 1890. (could not find article cited in catalogue raisonne)
Art at the Union League. The New York Times, February 14, 1890.
Union League Club. Catalogue of Pictures by American Figure Painters and Persian and Indian Works of Art: The Union League Club, New York. New York: Union League Club, 1890, p. 7, cat. 1. (lent by the artist)
Royal Academy of Arts. The Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts, The One Hundred and Fourteenth. London: William Clowes and Sons, Ltd, 1882, p. 57, cat. 1533. (as Hark! Hark! The Lark)
1888: Frederick Layton and His World, Milwaukee Art Museum, April 8–August 28, 1988.
Yankee Painter: A Retrospective Exhibition of Oils, Water Colors and Graphics by Winslow Homer, University of Arizona Art Gallery, Tucson, October 11–December 1, 1963.
Wright Art Center, Beloit College, September 13–October 28, 1959.
1896–1955: Retrospective of Paintings from Previous Internationals, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, December 5, 1958–February 8, 1959.
10th Anniversary Exhibition: Current Painting Styles and Their Sources, Des Moines Art Center, June 1–July 20, 1958.
19th Century American Masters, Milwaukee Art Institute, February 20–March 28, 1948.
University of Wisconsin Memorial Union, Madison, 1948.
Twelfth Annual International Exhibition, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, April 30–June 30, 1908.
Pictures by American Figure Painters and Persian and Indian Works of Art, Union League Club, New York, February 13–15, 1890.
Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, May 1–August 7, 1882. (as Hark! Hark! The Lark)
This information is subject to change as the result of ongoing research.