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Stainless steel and Plexiglas in six parts
34 × 34 × 34 in. (86.36 × 86.36 × 86.36 cm)
Layton Art Collection Inc., Purchase L1970.25
Photo credit: Michael Tropea
© Judd Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
One of the leading Minimalist theorists as well as sculptors, Donald Judd authored definitive explanations of the analytic style that dominated American art in the later 1960s and 1970s. Boldly reductive and geometric, Judd’s sculpture relies as well on modern machined materials and on the very literal adoption of serial repetition. Conceived as six wall-mounted modular steel cubes with plexiglass on two sides, this serial sculpture challenges traditional notions of form and of the “handmade” nature of art. Insistently three-dimensional, it is affixed directly to the wall, contravening any conventional ideas of relief. Perception is addressed as the viewer is challenged to look through the piece as well as at it. Boundaries are bridged as the notion of completeness is overturned in favor of a form that is conceived as infinitely additive.
Judd, Donald, Flavin Judd, and Caitlin Murray. Donald Judd: Writings. 2016, p. 1007, fig. 171, color illus.
Craft, Catherine, Melvin Edwards, Alex Potts, Tobias Wofford, and Leigh A. Arnold. Melvin Edwards: Five Decades. 2015, p. 53, fig. 27, b/w illus.
Eastberg, John C. and Eric Vogel. Layton’s Legacy: A Historic American Art Collection 1888 – 2013. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Layton Art Collection, Inc., 2013, color illus. p. 335.
Rose, Bernice, Richard Serra, Michelle White, Gary Garrels, and Lizzie Borden. Richard Serra, Drawing: A Retrospective. Houston: Menil Collection, 2011, p. 52, fig. 33, b/w illus.
Raskin, David, and Donald Judd. Donald Judd. New Haven [Conn.]: Yale University Press, 2010. p. 0, color illus.
Andera, Margaret, Nonie Gadsden, Britt Salvesen, and Laurie Winters. Collection Guide: Milwaukee Art Museum. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 2004, pp. 39, 70, cat. 61, color illus. p. 39.
Milwaukee Art Museum. Building a Masterpiece: Milwaukee Art Museum. New York: Hudson Hill Press, 2001, p. 160, color illus.
Kellein, Thomas. Donald Judd. Early Work 1955-1968 Bielefeld: Busch. Druck Medien Verlag, Bielefeld, 2002. illus. (color), #'s 144-145. Potts, Alex. The Sculptural Imagination, Figurative, Modernist, Minimalist. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000. illus. (color), #305.
Sobel, Dean. From Figure to Floor: Sculpture in the 20th Century from the Collection of the Milwaukee Art Museum. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 1998, p. 67, cat. 33, b/w illus. p. 41.
Goldstein, Rosalie, ed. Guide to the Permanent Collection. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 1986, p. 226, b/w illus. p. 226.
Milwaukee Art Center, and I. Michael Danoff. Color Renaissance: Sculpture & Painting in the Sixties : [Exhibition, July 17 Through August 24, 1974. Milwaukee: Milwaukee Art Center, 1974. color illus. pl. 13, p. 47.
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.). New York Painting and Sculpture: 1940-1970: [Exhibition] Oct. 18, 1969-Feb. 1, 1970. [New York]: [Metropolitan Museum of Art], 1969.
Documenta. Documenta 4: Kassel 1968, 27. Juni-6. Oktober 1968. Kassel: Druck + Verlag Kassel, 1968. Vol. 1, b/w illus. p.140, no. 2.
Whitney Museum of American Art. Don Judd, February 22–March 24, 1968 [when it was originally 4 units], 1968, b/w illus. p.35.
From Figure to Floor: Sculpture in the 20th Century, Milwaukee Art Museum, September 11 – November 8, 1998.
Color Renaissance: Sculpture & Painting in the Sixties, Milwaukee Art Center, July 17–August 24, 1974.
New York Painting and Sculpture: 1940–1970, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, October 18, 1969–February 1, 1970.
Documenta 4, Museum Fridericianum, Galerie Schöne Aussicht, Orangerie Auepark, Kassel, Germany, June 27–October 6, 1968.
Don Judd, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, February 22–March 24, 1968 [when it was originally 4 units].
Donald Judd, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, February 5–March 2, 1966.
This information is subject to change as the result of ongoing research.