Le Père Jacques (The Wood Gatherer)

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Jules Bastien-Lepage (French, 1848–1884)
Le Père Jacques (The Wood Gatherer), 1881
Oil on canvas
77 1/2 × 71 1/2 in. (196.85 × 181.61 cm)
Layton Art Collection Inc., Gift of Mrs. E. P. Allis and her daughters in memory of Edward Phelps Allis L102
Photo credit: John R. Glembin
Currently on View

The Woodgatherer, painted for the Salon of 1882, is one of Jules Bastien-Lepage's most important works. The old woodsman, a family friend, and his granddaughter represent the heavy weariness of old age and the innocence of youth, as well as the passage of time. The remarkable color and handling of paint reflect the artist's unique ability to blend the greater luminosity and atmosphere of the Impressionists with the more conservative, precisionist technique of the Academicians. By the early 1880s, Bastien-Lepage had become the leader of the Naturalist school, and many of his contemporaries believed that he would one day succeed Manet as the leader of modern painting.

Publication History
Sotheby's, May 18, 2016 [auction catalogue]. New York: Sotheby's, 2016, p. 19, color fig. 4.

Sawinski, Catherine. From the Collection--Jules Bastien-Lepage and the Newlyn School. Milwaukee Art Museum: Under the Wings, September 9, 2014. http://blog.mam.org/2014/09/09/jules-bastien-lepage-and-the-newlyn-school/.

Sawinski, Catherine. Mr. Layton's Gallery--The Salon-Style Hang. Milwaukee Art Museum: Under the Wings, April 12, 2013. http://blog.mam.org/2013/04/12/mr-laytons-gallery-the-salon-style-hang/.

Bruce, William Blair, Tobi Bruce, and Michelle Facos. Into the Light: The Paintings of William Blair Bruce (1859-1906). 2014, fig. 2.3, p. 68, color illus.

Kelly, Chelsea Emelie. People's Choice: Your Top 25 Works of Art in the Collection. Milwaukee Art Museum: Under the Wings, April 5, 2013. http://blog.mam.org/2013/04/05/peoples-choice-your-top-25-works-of-art-in-the-collection/.

Eastberg, John C. and Eric Vogel. Layton's Legacy: A Historic American Art Collection, 1888–2013. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Layton Art Collection, Inc., distributed by University of Wisconsin Press, 2013, pp. 155, 164–69, 296, 405–06, 457, color pl. 9, p. 169, color details pp. 164, 166–67, 168.

Thomson, Richard. Art of the Actual: Naturalism and Style in Early Third Republic France, 1880–1900. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012, p. 129, fig. 86, color illus.

McConkey, Kenneth. George Clausen and the Picture of English Rural Life. Edinburgh: Atelier Books, 2012, p. 67, color illus. figure. 94.

Weisberg, Gabriel P. Illusions of Reality: Naturalist Painting, Photography, Theatre, and Cinema, 1875–1918. Brussels: Mercatorfonds, 2010, pp. 26, 28, 49, 53, 137, 156, color illus. (detail) p. 27, color illus. p. 91, p. 162.

Cole, Thomas B., MD. The Cover. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association 302, no.9 (September 2, 2009): 927, color illus cover.

Gunnarsson, Torsten. Carl Larsson. Stockholm: Nationalmuseum Natur och Kultur, 2007.

Lemoine, Serge. Jules Bastien-Lepage (1848–1884). Paris: Nicolas Chaudun/Musée d'Orsay, 2007, pp. 152-53, cat. 53, color illus. p. 153, color detail p. 52.

Milwaukee Art Museum News, June 2007, no page number, color illus.

Milwaukee Art Museum News, February 2006, no page number, color illus (detail).

George, Hardy. Artist As Narrator: Nineteenth Century Narrative Art in England and France. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Oklahoma City Museum of Art, 2005, pp.37–48, b/w illus. p. 38, fig. 7.

Milwaukee Art Museum News, October 2005, no page number, color illus (detail).

Andera, Margaret, Nonie Gadsden, Britt Salvesen, and Laurie Winters. Collection Guide: Milwaukee Art Museum. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 2004, pp. 21, 68, cat. 27, color illus. p. 21.

Milwaukee Art Museum. Building a Masterpiece: Milwaukee Art Museum. New York: Hudson Hill Press, 2001, p. 87, color illus.

Jenkins, Adrian. Painters and Peasants: Henry La Thangue and Britain Rural Naturalism, 1880–1905. Bolton, England: Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, 2000, illus. pp. 38–39.

South, Will, William H. Gerdts, and Jean Stern. Guy Rose: American Impressionist. Oakland, California: The Oakland Museum, 1995, color fig. 17.

Fourcaud, L. de. Exposition des œuvres de Jules Bastien-Lepage. Paris: Impr. réunies, 1995, pp. 23–24, cat. 171. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/gri.ark:/13960/t0vq37t6g. (accessed May 18, 2015).

Weisberg, Gabriel P. Beyond Impressionism: The Naturalist Impulse. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1992, p. 65, b/w pl. 66.

Blaugrund, Annette. Paris 1889: American Artists at the Universal Exposition. Philadelphia and New York: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and H. N. Abrams, 1989, p. 235.

Milwaukee Art Museum. 1888: Frederick Layton and His World. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 1988, pp. 90-1, cat. 27, color illus. p. 91.

Goldstein, Rosalie, ed. Guide to the Permanent Collection. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum, 1986, p. 86, color illus. p. 86.

Aubrun, Marie-Madeleine. Jules Bastien-Lepage, 1848-1884: Catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre. Paris: M.M. Aubrun, 1985, cat. 345.

Jacobs, Michael. The Good and Simple Life: Artist Colonies in Europe and America. Oxford: Phaidon, 1985, color pl. 1.

Rosenblum, Robert, and H. W. Janson. 19th Century Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1984, p. 414, b/w pl. 335.

McConkey, Kenneth. Pauvre Fauvette of Petite Folle: a study of Bastien-LePage’s Pauvre Fauvette, Arts Magazine (January 1981): 140–43.

Milwaukee Art Center. Mirrors of the 19th Century Taste: Academic Painting. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Center, 1974, cat. 2.

Feldman, William Steven. The Life and Work of Jules Bastien-Lepage. New York: New York University, 1973, fig. 3.

Milwaukee Journal, March 29, 1959, color illus.

City is Art Minded, in an Economic Way. The Milwaukee Journal, October 1, 1950, p. 1. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/image/v2:1477BBDEA50EB75C@EANX-NB-15A55E51E2400E67@2433556-15A55AAA9B4D4EF2@46-15A55AAA9B4D4EF2@?p=WORLDNEWS. (accessed August 24, 2017).

Stover, Frances. Interest in Art Has Grown with the Years and Flourishes Today. The Milwaukee Journal, August 8, 1948, p. 23. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/image/v2:1477BBDEA50EB75C@EANX-NB-15A75EBB4DD7262F@2432772-15A654550308B388@106-15A654550308B388@?p=WORLDNEWS. (accessed August 24, 2017).

Old Favorites at Layton Art Still Favorites. The Milwaukee Journal, July 30, 1939, part 7, p. 7. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/image/v2:1477BBDEA50EB75C@EANX-NB-15C0F3E4C51A6E59@2429475-15C0F1BE60F5DABA@48-15C0F1BE60F5DABA@?p=WORLDNEWS. (accessed August 24, 2017).

Summer Brings Strangers to See The Wood Gatherer. The Milwaukee Journal, July 7, 1935, part 7, p. 5. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/image/v2:1477BBDEA50EB75C@EANX-NB-16473E30B37E49D9@2427991-16473BF6E77E8A23@44-16473BF6E77E8A23@?p=WORLDNEWS. (accessed August 24, 2017).

Layton Gallery Pictures Transformed by Bath. The Milwaukee Journal, May 19, 1935, part 7, p. 5. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/image/v2:1477BBDEA50EB75C@EANX-NB-164741D2527C0509@2427942-16472B45CE960B83@54-16472B45CE960B83@?p=WORLDNEWS. (accessed August 24, 2017).

Milwaukee Journal, August 19, 1934, b/w illus.

Public Taste Reflected in Favorite Layton Pictures. The Milwaukee Journal, July 23, 1933, p. 7. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/image/v2:1477BBDEA50EB75C@EANX-NB-164722366A076896@2427277-16472060DF59BB5E@36-16472060DF59BB5E@?p=WORLDNEWS. (accessed August 24, 2017).

Layton Art Gallery. Catalogue of the Layton Art Gallery. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Layton Art Gallery, 1921, p. 44, cat. 102, b/w illus. no. 102.

Bashkirtseff, Marie, and Mrs. Mary Jane Christie Serrano. Marie Bashkirtseff: The Journal of a Young Artist, 1860-1884. New York: E.P. Dutton & Company, 1919, entry for Friday, June 15, 1883.

Hartmann, Sadakichi. Our American Art Museums: The Layton Art Gallery of Milwaukee. Arts & Decoration 5, no. 12 (October 1915): 464, 466–67, 492, b/w illus p. 464.

Layton Art Gallery. Catalogue of the Layton Art Gallery. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Layton Art Gallery, 1911, illus. opposite p. 42.

Thieme, Ulrich, and Felix Becker. Bastien-Lepage. Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Kunstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Leipzig: Engelmann, 1909, pp. 25-26. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_UNufAAAAMAAJ. (accessed April 5, 2017).

Williamson, George C. Jules Bastien-Lepage. Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers. Vol. 1. London: Bell, 1909, p. 94. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc2.ark:/13960/t9b56w01m;view=1up;seq=146. (accessed April 4, 2017).

Eldridge, E. C. Visit to Layton’s Art Gallery Wednesday Afternoon: Lecture on Art Works in the Gallery. St. Louis and Canadian Photographer 24, no. 8 (August 1900): 366. (as the Wool Gatherer)

Works of Art: How to See and Enjoy Them. Wilson's Photographic Magazine 37, no. 524 (August 1900): 371.

Pattison, James William. The Layton Art Gallery of Milwaukee. Brush and Pencil 3, no. 4 (January 1899): 205, b/w illus. p. 204.

Layton Art Gallery. Catalogue of the Layton Art Gallery. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Layton Art Gallery, 1896, illus. opposite p. 43.

Theuriet, André. Jules Bastien-Lepage and His Art: A Memoir. London and New York: T. F. Unwin and Macmillan, 1892, pp. 59 and 73, illus. (engraving) p. 71, illus. (pencil sketch) p. 75. http://www.archive.org/details/julesbastienlepa00theu. (accessed May 19, 2015).

Layton Art Gallery. Catalogue of the Layton Art Gallery. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Layton Art Gallery, 1890.

Adition to the Layton Art Gallery, Bastien-Lepage's Father Jacques, The Woodgather hung yesterday. Milwaukee Sentinel, August 9, 1890.

Le Père Jacques or The Woodgatherer. Milwaukee Sentinel, May 15, 1890.

Milwaukee Sentinel, April 11, 1890.

Allis, Edward Phelps. Edward P. Allis: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1888, no. 26.

Lemonnier, Camille. Le Salon de 1882. Les peintres de la vie, Paris (1888): 280. http://gallica.bnf.fr/m/ark:/12148/bpt6k200957j/f136.image. (accessed April 5, 2017).

Hitchcock, Ripley. A Peasant Painter: Jules Bastien-LePage, St. Nicholas Magazine XV, no. 1 (November 1887): 3-11, illus. p. 5.

Dargenty, G. Bastien-Lepage. L'Art. Revue hebdomadaire illustrée, Paris (1885): 166. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k10558263/f215.item. (accessed April 4, 2017).

Ducros, Emmanuel. L’exposition de l’oeuvre de Bastien-Lepage. L'Artiste. Journal de la littérature et des Beaux Arts, Paris (1885): 390-394. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k406273m/f405.item. (accessed April 5, 2017).

Fourcaud. Artistes contemporains. Jules Bastien-Lepage.Gazette des Beaux-Arts. Courrier européen de l’art et de la curiosité, Paris (January, 1885): 118, 254, 260, 266-267. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k2031206/f5.item. (accessed April 4, 2017).

Theuriet, André. Jules Bastien-Lepage: L'homme et l'artiste. Paris, 1885, pp. 47, 90. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k65688825/f11.image. (accessed April 5, 2017).

Mantz, Paul. Bastien-Lepage. Le Temps, Paris, December 25, 1884, no. 8641, p. 3. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k230524v/f1.item. (accessed March 23, 2017).

Merson, Olivier. Nos gravures, Le Monde illustré, Paris, December 20, 1884, no. 1447, p 390. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k6447588h/f1.item. (accessed March 23, 2017).

Bastien-Lepage. Le XIXe siècle, Journal républicain conservateur, Paris, December 13, 1884, no. 4725, front page. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k7561872t/f1.item. (accessed March 23, 2017).

Jacques, Edmond. Bastien-Lepage. L'Intransigeant, Paris, December 13, 1884, no. 1613, p. 2. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k776321r/f1.item. (accessed March 23, 2017).

Lepelletier, E. Bastien-Lepage. L'Echo de Paris, Paris, December 13, 1884, no. 277, front page. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k796876d/f1.item. (accessed March 23, 2017).

Nécrologie: Bastien-Lepage. La Lanterne, Journal politique quotidien, Paris, December 13, 1884, no. 2793, p. 3. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k7501395f/f1.item. (accessed March 23, 2017).

Nécrologie. Le Constitutionnel, Journal du commerce, politique et littéraire, Paris, December 13, 1884, no. 346, p. 3. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k680908z/f1.item. (accessed March 23, 2017).

La vie à Paris. Le Temps, Paris, December 12, 1884, no. 1794, p. 2. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k230511c/f1.item. (accessed March 23, 2017).

Nécrologie: Bastien-Lepage. Journal des Débats politiques et littéraires, Edition du matin, Paris, December 12, 1884, p. 3. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k463049v/f1.item. (accessed March 22, 2017).

Nécrologie: M. Bastien-Lepage. La Justice, Paris, December 12, 1884, no. 1794, p. 3. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k771039t/f1.item. (accessed March 22, 2017).

Nouvelles diverses. Bastien-Lepage. Journal de Rouen, Rouen, France, December 12, 1884, no. 274, p. 2. http://recherche.archivesdepartementales76.net/?id=viewer&doc=accounts%2Fmnesys_ad76%2Fdatas%2Fir%2Fjournaux_bibliotheque_archives%2FFRAD076_IR_BIB_journal_rouen%2Exml&page_ref=515570&lot_num=1&img_num=1&index_in_visu. (accessed March 22, 2017).

Bastien-Lepage: Mort de l’auteur des Foins. Le Matin Paris, December 11, 1884, no. 290, front page. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k5521125/f1.item. (accessed March 22, 2017).

Fourcaud. Bastien-Lepage. Le Gaulois, Paris, December 11, 1884, no. 882, front page. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k525227t/f1.item. (accessed March 20, 2017).

Arthur Tooth & Sons. The Artist and Journal of Home Culture 3, no. 36 (December 1, 1882): 365. https://hdl.handle.net/2027/uiug.30112117953932. (accessed March 20, 2017).

Burty, Philippe. L'exposition des Beaux-Arts (Salon de 1882), par Goupil and Cie. Paris: L. Baschet, 1882, pp. 81-82, b/w illus. p. 81. https://archive.org/details/lexpositiondesbe00salo. (accessed March 20, 2017).

Ducros, Emmanuel, Une cigale au Salon de 1882, Paris, 1882, p. 82, b/w illus. p. 83. https://hdl.handle.net/2027/njp.32101063575789. (accessed March 6, 2017).

Dumas, François Guillaume. Catalogue illustré du Salon. Paris: Librarie d'Art L. Baschet, 1882, no.127, illus. p. 174. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k2135725.image#. (accessed May 18, 2015).

Forbes-Robertson, John. The Salon of 1882. The Magazine of Art 5 (1882): 415. https://archive.org/details/magazineofart05londuoft. (accessed March 20, 2017).

Hoschedé, Ernest. Impressions de mon voyage au Salon de 1882. Paris: Tomer, 1882, p. 11. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b54000115g/f11.image. (accessed March 6, 2017).

Laprairie, J.A. La Mosaïque au Salon de 1882: Bastien-Lepage. Le Père Jacques. La Mosaïque, Revue pittoresque illustrée de tous les temps et de tous les pays (1882): 166. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k62985879/f6.item. (accessed March 20, 2017).

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Fine Arts: The Salon, Paris. The Athenaeum: Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and the Drama, no. 2850 (June 10, 1882): 737. https://hdl.handle.net/2027/njp.32101077276390. (accessed March 20, 2017).

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Exhibition History
Illusions of Reality: Naturalist Paintings, Photography and Cinema, 1875–1918, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 8, 2010–January 16, 2011; Ateneum Art Museum, Helsinki, Finland, February 14–May 15, 2011.

Jules Bastien-Lepage, Musee d’Orsay, Paris, France, March 5–May 13, 2007; Centre Mondial de la Paix, Verdun, France, June 14–September 3, 2007.

Painters and Peasants: Henry La Thangue and British Rural Naturalism, 1880–1905, Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, Great Britain, April 8–June 3, 2000.

1888: Frederick Layton and His World, Milwaukee Art Museum, April 8–August 28, 1988.

Mirrors of 19th Century Taste: Academic Painting, Milwaukee Art Center, July 14–August 25, 1974.

50th Anniversary Exhibition, Portland (Oregon) Art Museum, December 1942.

Jules Bastien-Lepage, Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Hotel de Chimany, March–April 1885.

Paris Salon, spring 1882.

This information is subject to change as the result of ongoing research.