Landscape with Mountains and River

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Henry Vianden (American, b. Germany, 1814–1899)
Landscape with Mountains and River, n.d.
Oil on canvas
42 1/4 × 72 5/8 in. (107.32 × 184.47 cm)
Gift of Frederick Vogel III on behalf of the family of Louise Pfister Vogel and Fred Vogel, Jr. M1973.78
Photo credit: John R. Glembin
Currently on View

Henry Vianden was the first professional landscape painter in Wisconsin, and as a popular art teacher, he influenced the numerous students who studied with him. Vianden held a reverential view of nature, once famously telling his pupils that trees were “God’s noblest creatures,” and “that when we paint a tree, we must realize that we have before us a king.” Vianden rendered the scene in this painting in minute detail, from the rugged mountains and surrounding trees to the lazy river and lone boatman, but rather than representing one specific place, the western landscape is actually a combination of elements from several of the artist’s sketches.

Publication History
Kelly, Chelsea Emelie. People's Choice: Your Top 25 Works of Art in the Collection. Milwaukee Art Museum: Under the Wings, April 5, 2013. http://blog.mam.org/2013/04/05/peoples-choice-your-top-25-works-of-art-in-the-collection/.

Eastberg, John C. and Eric Vogel. Layton’s Legacy: A Historic American Art Collection 1888–2013. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Layton Art Collection, Inc., 2013, color illus. p. 147.

Bott, Gerhard and Katharina Bott. Vice Versa 1813–1913. Berlin and Munich: Deutches Historisches Museum and Hirmer Verlag GmbH, 1996, p. 265, fig. 26, b/w illus.

Milwaukee Antiques Show Catalogue, September 21–23, 1972, page 78.
Exhibition History
Vice Versa--German Painters in America: American Painters in Germany, Deutches Historische Museum, Berlin, September 26–December 1, 1996.

Eight Days in November, Milwaukee Art Museum, October 15, 1993–February 6, 1994.


This information is subject to change as the result of ongoing research.